Elephantiasis is chronic disease which has made the lives of the people across the globe very pathetic and excruciation pain in the affected organ. The word elephantiasis is a vivid and accurate term for the syndrome it describes: the gross (visible) enlargement of the arms, legs, or genitals to elephantoid size Elephantiasis is caused by the parasitic worm called as Wuchereria Bancrofti which are injected and carried by the house flies and mosquitoes in to the host cells.
As per the reports of WHO elephantiasis disease has been currently affecting over 120 million people, with 40 million affected by a severe form of the elephantiasis disease. In India elephantiasis is most common among populations and there is a maximum probability of person in all cases in India to be affected in one third of all cases. African continent, South Asia, the Americas and the Pacific have the another third cases of elephantiasis.
Symptoms of Elephantiasis
The very common symptom among the patients of the elephantiasis is that enlargement of glands and swelling of lymphatic vessels and usually affecting the lower extremes of the body like legs and torso. Elephantiasis disease enlarges and intumesces the organs due to the assemblage of the fluid discharge into the tissues. Along with the swelling and enlargement of the organs it causes severe inflammation with pain. In some few exceptional cases skin gets dark and develops like ulcer. Sometimes the skin develop ulcer like growth and grows dark on the affected area. Fever, discomfort, pain and chills are quite common in this disease.
Elephantiasis disease is not restricted to an organ while it may occur anywhere on the human anatomy it may also attack genital organs of humans. Elephantiasis infects and attacks the genitals of men and women. In men the scrotum gets and the penile area may get retracted below the skin getting hot and painful. In females, the vulva can be attacked creating tumour like growth on the skin and upper vagina. The lymph nodes become enlarged due to fluid collection. Here are the few mostly observed symptoms in the elephantiasis patients
Elephantiasis nostras, due to longstanding chronic lymphangitis.
- Elephantiasis tropica or lymphatic filariasis, caused by a number of parasitic worms, particularly Wuchereria bancrofti.
- Nonfilarial elephantiasis or podoconiosis, an immune disease affecting the lymph vessels.
- Elephantiasis, Grade 4 lymphedema.
Genital elephantiasis, end result of lymphogranuloma venereum.
- Proteus syndrome, the genetic disorder of the so-called Elephant Man.
- Lymphatic filariasis infection involves asymptomatic, acute, and chronic conditions.
- The body’s allergic reactions may include repeated episodes of fever, shaking chills, sweating, headaches, vomiting, and pain.
Diagnosis of Elephantiasis
Observance of any above symptoms of elephantiasis in the a person should get diagnosed as it is well said that prevention is better than cure thus early stage detection of disease may help the victim to recover as early as possible and prevent any loss. To detect the elephantiasis the standard test is microscopic examination of a blood smear for presence of the microfilariae and the suspected person’s blood should be sampled at night because the microfilariae circulate via the blood nocturnally.
Causes of the Elephantiasis
Elephantiasis Causes are stated as below which assists the patients to diagnose the disease at an early stage such that maximum losses in economically and morally can be minimized.
- Primary cause of the elephantiasis disease is mosquito bite and insect bites.
Unhygienic practices such as walking bare foot in woods and gardens.
- Ingression of tiny chemical particles into tissues of leg while you while walking bare foot on soil and unhygienic locations or place.
- Lymphatic filariasis or elephantiasis includes Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori where the larvae (microfilariae) of the parasite are taken up by the mosquito when it feeds and when the larvae reach the third stage of development, they are introduced to a new host, who then develops the infection.
Elephantiasis Disease Cure
Elephantiasis was a chronic disease in the past decade at the same time there was a belief that it is going to relieve the patient only after his or her death. At the same time there was no proper medication although the new excogitations in the medical researches made the availability of the medicines to the humankind. Here are few medications which are being facilitated to the victim of Elephantiasis Disease.,
- Elephantiasis patients infected organ is given chemotherapy which involves destruction of adult worms in the lymph nodes.
- Antrypol, Diethyl Carbamazine and Mectizan kind medicines given to the elephantiasis patient so as to kill the worms in the infected organ or human part.
- To remove the damaged lymph nodes from the infected organ or human body due to the elephantiasis disease surgery has to be practiced if the medical condition of the elephantiasis victim is very severe.
- Treatment may take around 8 weeks to eliminate all microfilariae in the blood.
- To overcome the elephantiasis disorder in recent times massage therapy is also practiced to minimise the effects and extreme trauma conditions.
- To treat elephantiasis diethylcarbamazine or DEC is being prescribed usually, which kills the microfilariae as well as some adult worms. The medication is usually well tolerated but side effects include dizziness, fever and aching muscles.
- Management techniques and treatment options must be delivered to the population through education and counselling programs. Many lymphatic filariasis elimination programs involve an education component.
- Bed rest, elevation of affected limbs and wrapping the limbs in compression bandages to bring down the swelling.
- Wash out the infections or injuries on the affected organ and clip down the nail and shave hairs.
Precautions for Elephantiasis Disease
Yet there is no sure enough and certain vaccine for the elephantiasis disease thus one needs to be live safe and follow the mentioned precautions so as to overcome the possibility of Elephantiasis infection.
Take DEC preventively, which has shown to be effective.
- Reduce the number of carrier insects in a particular area.
- Use insect repellents and avoid mosquito bites
- Wear protective clothes and use bed nettings while sleeping so as to prevent the insect and mosquito bites.
- Clear and clean the stagnant waters resources in and around the place of living so as to stop breeding of all these parasites.
- Do have doctors’ advice before moving to a Lymphatic Filariasis or elephantiasis disease geo graphical locations.
These were few symptoms, cure and precautions for Lymphatic Filariasis or Elephantiasis disease. The medicines and methods illustrated above were supposed to be practiced under experienced doctors and physicians advice. Have more queries regarding the Lymphatic Filariasis or Elephantiasis disease and its issues then leave your comment we would be very glad to be at your help. Share the info with your dear ones so that you would live healthy and others would too live healthy. Stay connected to Disease Clinic for more prescriptions and medical measures. Rush to a nearby certified physician or doctor in case of urgency.